Eye Disorders

Various disorders of the eyes

The leading causes of blindness and low vision are primarily age-related eye diseases. Cataracts, Glaucoma and Astigmatism are just a few of these disorders that many patients suffer from. Other common eye disorders include amblyopia and strabismus.

Myopia / Short sightedness

Hyperopia / Far sightedness

Astigmatism

Presbyopia

Amblyopia (lazy eye)

Strabismus

Cataracts

Glaucoma

Retinitis pigmentosa

Pinguecula

Pterygium

Myopia / Short sightedness

The optics of the eye are too powerful for the length of the eyeball and the image falls short of the retina.

Hyperopia / Far sightedness

The optics of the eye are too weak for the length of the eyeball and the image falls beyond the retina.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism usually caused by irregularly shaped cornea causing blurred/distorted images. Symptoms of uncorrected astigmatism include eye strain and headaches, especially after prolonged visual tasks .

Presbyopia

The flexibility of the internal lens declines typically due to the natural aging process of the eye, affecting your ability to accommodate or focus on nearby objects. It is a progressive condition that is usually first noticed between the ages of 40 and 50, and stabilises at approximately 60 years of age.

Amblyopia (lazy eye)

It is a vision development disorder in which the eye fails to achieve normal visual acuity even with prescription spectacles. Critical period for vision development happens within first 2 years of development.

The brain usually receives 2 clear images that can be “fused” in the brain into a single image. If one of the images is too blurred the brain can’t ‘fuse’ the two images, and suppresses the eye with the blurred image. This long term suppression causes incomplete development of the visual function in the affected eye.

The same suppression occurs when double vision/diplopia occurs due to strabismic/squint. The brain can’t fuse the two images and suppresses the strabismus/squint eye causing incomplete visual development in the affected eye.

Treatment Includes taking care of underlying cause, spectacles to maximise visual acuity or surgery to correct squint. The affected eye then needs to be stimulated to promote visual development.

This is done by patching the good eye and incorporating visual therapy to stimulate the development of the amblyopic eye. The earlier the amblyopia is taken care of the easier is it to restore normal vision in the affected eye

Strabismus

Strabismus is an ocular condition in which the eyes are not properly aligned with each other. It typically involves an imbalance of extra ocular muscles causing diplopia/double vision, which affects binocular vision and normal vision development in children.

Cataracts

Natural ageing process of the lens within your eye. The transparency of the lens is affected by UV, ageing and trauma. Early in the development of age-related cataracts, the power of the lens is affected, causing myopia and perception of blue colours is reduced.

Cataracts typically progress slowly to cause vision loss and potentially blinding if left untreated. This age related cataract typically affects both eyes, but mostly one eye is affected earlier than the other.

Other causes of cataracts includes trauma and diabetes. The early treatment for a cataract is surgical removal by an ophthalmologist, a common procedure performed regularly.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the optic nerve suffers damage, permanently affecting vision in the affected eye, causing visual field loss and tunnel vision, progressing to complete blindness if left untreated.

It is normally associated with increased intra ocular pressure, resulting in the loss of retinal ganglion cells. ‘Low tension’ glaucoma is the condition where optic nerve damage happens even with normal pressures.

The treatment aims to reduce the pressure in the affected eye. This usually is done with eye drops prescribed by your ophthalmologist, or surgical treatment done by your ophthalmologist.

Retinitis pigmentosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa is an inherited degenerative disease, that typically affects both eyes, that causes severe vision impairment and can lead to blindness.

Symptoms include night blindness, tunnel vision, slow dark to light adaptation, poor colour separation. Currently there are no treatments but progression of the disease can be reduced by vitamin A supplements.

www.retinasa.org.za

Pinguecula

Pinguecula is an elevated bump on the sclera, usually on the nasal side that does extend over the cornea. It is a change in the conjunctiva that results in a deposit of protein, fat or calcium. Surgical removal is usually not indicated.

Pterygium

Pterygium is a benign thickening or growth of the conjunctiva typically on the nasal side of the sclera extending over the cornea. It is usually caused by ultraviolet light exposure, dust, wind and dry eye.

When the pterygium affects your vision or causes ocular discomfort you can undergo a simple surgical removal by your ophthalmologist. Tear substitutes can be used to reduce symptoms of discomfort.

Common Symptoms

We often dismiss common symptoms that we experience on a day to day basis. Migraines, twitching eyelids, tearing eyes and redness are just some of the common things experienced regularly by so many people.

Systemic Diseases and the Eyes

An ocular manifestation of a systemic disease is an eye condition that directly or indirectly results from a disease process in another part of the body. There are many diseases known to cause ocular or visual changes.

Ocular Emergencies

Ocular emergencies can occur at any time. Trauma to the eye such as foreign objects, chemical burns or even retinal detachment can be extremely painful and can be a threat to the long term functioning of the eye.

Come see us for an in-depth eye examination

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Vision In Focus welcomes you to visit our store in Stellenbosch, give us a call or send us an email.

We are open Mondays to Fridays from 9:00 – 17:00 and Saturdays from 8.30 – 12.30. NOTE: We are closed on Sundays and public holidays.

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Get in touch...

Vision In Focus welcomes you to visit our store in Stellenbosch, give us a call or send us an email.

We are open Mondays to Fridays from 9:00 – 17:00 and Saturdays from 8.30 – 12.30. NOTE: We are closed on Sundays and public holidays.

Common Symptoms

Eye Disorders

Systemics Diseases
and the Eye

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Ocular Emergencies

Get in touch...

Vision In Focus welcomes you to visit our store in Stellenbosch, give us a call or send us an email.

We are open Mondays to Fridays from 9:00 – 17:00 and Saturdays from 8.30 – 12.30. NOTE: We are closed on Sundays and public holidays.

021 887 0015

85 Dorp Street,
Stellenbosch, Western
Cape, South Africa

info@visioninfocus.co.za

  

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